Australian states and territories’ regulations for home food businesses.

Rules and regulations

Australian state governments require home food businesses to notify local councils or food authorities about their activities.

Every state in Australia has rules and regulations for home food businesses. Here is a quick guide to know what rules and regulations apply if you are starting or have already started a home food business in Australia. 

Home food business and local laws

The Food Authority NSW says that if the handling of food for sale occurs at an address which is also a domestic premise, there are special food safety issues to consider. The authority also states the local councils regulate all domestic kitchens where food is prepared and directly sold to the final consumers.

Special rules apply to those food businesses that work from their domestic premises and are identified as:

  • Home-based catering businesses
  • Preparing food for sale at markets or school canteens in a domestic kitchen
  • Bed and breakfast accommodation
  • Home-based childcare for a fee involving the provision of food
  • Restaurants with accommodation for the restaurant owner, family or staff.

Role of the local council and food authority

In the local council of Canterbury Bankstown (New South Wales), there are currently 1,500 food businesses operating including home-based food businesses. The council’s website says it conducts a minimum of one inspection per annum of all food premises operating within the council to ensure compliance with food safety requirements.

Council’s Environmental Health Officers undertake inspections of all food premises to ensure compliance with food safety requirements and to minimise the likelihood of foodborne illness within the community.

Businesses that sell food directly to the customer are required to notify their councils about their work and activity. However, if the food is being sold to a café or a restaurant then NSW Food Authority is to be notified. The authority can be notified via

Food Standards Australia New Zealand

The food businesses are also required to follow the Food Standards Code, including:

1 Standard 3.2.2 Food Safety Practices and General Requirements

2  Standard 3.2.3 Food Premises and Equipment

3  Part 1.2 Labelling and other information requirements

The Food Standards Australia New Zealand develops these codes that regulate the use of ingredients, processing aids, colourings, additives, vitamins and minerals. The code also covers the composition of some foods e.g. dairy, meat and beverages as well as standards developed by new technologies such as genetically modified foods.

Preparation, packaging and storage

Business owners also need to make sure that they have contacted the council before starting their food. Following are some important tips the food sellers must keep in mind include handling, storage and packaging of the food products.

  • Keep cold food properly refrigerated
  • Cook food thoroughly
  • Handle food hygienically
  • Store food safely
  • Product labelling
  • Keep records
  • Cleaning
  • Good food handling practices

Australian states and territories’ regulations for home food businesses.

Western Australia

ACT – Australian Capital Territory


Northern Territory

South Australia

New South Wales